The History of the Lottery
A lottery is a method of selecting people for prizes, typically money or goods. Players pay for a ticket, and if their numbers match those drawn by a machine, they win. While the term may conjure images of gambling, modern lotteries are far more regulated and have many different uses, including subsidized housing units or kindergarten placements. The lottery is also a popular source of state funding. As the nineteen-sixties saw growing inflation and the cost of the Vietnam War, states found themselves unable to balance their budgets without raising taxes or cutting services—an unpopular prospect with voters. In response, states began turning to the lottery for help.
The lottery has a long history in the United States and throughout the world. Its roots reach back to biblical times, when Moses was instructed to count Israel’s population and then divide the land by lot. During the American Revolution, the Continental Congress used a lottery to raise funds for the Revolutionary War and other public works. During the nineteenth century, lotteries became a popular alternative to taxes for public works projects and other purposes. They were especially popular in the South and Rust Belt, where state governments were averse to raising taxes.
Despite the many problems with the lottery, it was a powerful force in American life for most of the twentieth century. In the early years, states used their profits to build roads, schools, and universities. By the late nineteen-sixties, however, the nation’s aversion to taxation had intensified, and lottery revenues fell.
State lottery officials responded by lowering prize limits and increasing the number of winning numbers, effectively decreasing the odds of winning. In order to make up for the declining revenue, they launched an advertising campaign that encouraged people to “play often” and to think about lottery money as a form of self-improvement.
This approach was based on the idea that, as with drugs and video games, lottery play is addictive. Indeed, the popularity of the lottery correlates with a decline in family stability and financial security for ordinary Americans, as the income gap widened, job security eroded, and pensions and health-care costs rose.
As a result, a new class of people was born who spend more time on lottery activities and are less able to afford necessities like education, medical care, and housing. In many communities, these lottery players are black and Latino. As a result, the lottery has become a symbol of inequality and social injustice. In the novel The Lottery, Shirley Jackson presents a society where lottery winnings are viewed as a way for the rich to get even more richer while the poor struggle to survive. The story has several hidden symbols. To find them, you should analyze the story carefully. Then you will see that the symbols in the story are not just a coincidence, but a deliberate statement by Jackson against social injustice and in favor of justice. The symbolism is strong in the final part of the story when the winners are chosen.